But then how do we explain California? From the time of the Gold Rush through 2000, the number of California residents not born in California grew every census. But, for some reason, that stopped in the 2000s. The number of Californians born in a different state actually fell by almost 1 million over the last decade. Why?
Thanks to native births and immigration, California’s population did grow. But Texas’ native birth rate and immigration flows were about the same. Yet over the same decade the number of Texans born out-of-state grew by almost a million. Why?
Matt is despereate to have you believe that Americans suddenly stopped wanting to live in California and started wanting to live in Texas. But why did this happen? Couldn’t have anyhting to do with the fact they were offered jobs in Texas could it?
Well, almost final.
The commission just voted out the new state lines on a 12-2 vote (with two Republicans voting no) and placed them on the Agenda for an official August 15th final vote. Until then feel free to whine, complain, cuss and gripe to commissioners about their failures. They can hear you, but they’re probably done listening.
On August 15th the only option is an up-or-down vote on the maps. You cannot have your city reunited, get your Assembly Member back. The plans are final and the only option now would be for the commission to vote the plans down and send them directly to the courts.
The game now transitions from the 14 members of the commission to the 67 members of Congress and the Legislature that have been drawn out of their seats, nested with other incumbents, or generally screwed over by the citizen process. A preliminary look at the data on the Redistricting Partners site will show some fun potential pairings and political drama. The site is now updated with maps (showing partisanship and incumbents), summary data for all districts in just a few pages, and extremely detailed datasheets from PDI for the Assembly, State Senate and Congressional districts.
Looking at the Congressional map, it is certain that my GOP Representative Elton Gallegy will either have to move (his home and electoral base in Simi Valley is out of the District), retire, or just run (there is no requirement that you must live in the Congressional District you represent), or run against GOP Rep. Buck McKeon who will represent Simi Valley. Gallegy has options.
However, the new CA-26 which is what presumably this Congressional District is called is less Republican and more Hispanic in nature.
Here are the details:
I will review the possible political scenarios next week after the final adoption of the maps.
I will also go over the California Assembly and State Senate Districts.
From my preliminary analysis of the statewide and Ventura County maps, they appear actually fair for the GOP. I, now, doubt that the California Republican Party will support a referendum on the Commission’s work.
But, then again, you never know and someone is bound to be really upset. But, this time it looks like the incumbent California Democrats.
A Friday night speech which is NOT prime time but coming to California must mean fundraising time.
GOP presidential hopeful Michele Bachmann will make a trip to Southern California in September to speak at the California Republican Party’s fall convention.
The conservative Minnesota congresswoman is scheduled to address delegates on the first night of the three-day convention, which will be held in Los Angeles Sept 16-18.
CRP Chairman Tom Del Beccaro said in a statement that he believes Bachmann’s “pure energy, vibrancy and leadership will be a hit with our delegates.”
“This is a great opportunity for us to hear directly from one of the Republican Party’s leading presidential candidates,” he said.
The full speaker line-up has yet to be confirmed, though CRP spokesman Mark Standriff said invitations have been extended to other GOP presidential candidates as well.
Interesting that Bachmann who, if the GOP Presidential nominee, will have NO chance of beating President Obama is still coming to the Golden State. Obviously, it is to meet with donors and to fundriase but it may also be to preempt Mitt Romney and Rick Perry (who has addressed the convention previously) from having an exclusive forum in the vast nationwide media market which is Los Angeles.
I might actually buy a ticket for the Friday night speech and/or cover the event for flapsblog.
Good morning everyone as we prepare for a major holiday weekend, national fundraising numbers are filtering out of D.C.. Yeah Obama is able to raise some big money and everyone is waiting to see what Michele Bachmann is able to raise.
And, California sales taxes, plus motor vehicle registration fees decrease because of the California GOP’s resistance to tax increases. Good job, California GOP.
As the POLS flee Washington and Sacramento for the 4th of July, we can have solace that it could be worse, since the NBA, NFL and the state of Minnesota are now effectively shutdown.
A morning collection of links and comments about my home, California.
The first from my friend Jon Fleishman who had this excellent video from Simi Valley neighbor and Ventura County Supervisor Peter Foy of the Americans for Prosperity on the Los Angeles Community College District.
Gov. Jerry Brown said Thursday he was increasingly skeptical that a tax deal could be struck before the July 1 beginning of the new fiscal year, as Democrats and Republicans heatedly blamed each other for the impasse.
Brown, who issued a historic veto of Democrats’ budget plan a week ago, told a gathering of about 250 apartment owners and developers in San Francisco that he continues to seek GOP support for his budget plan, which includes a tax referendum in the fall.
“I’m not giving up,” Brown said, even if he has grown less sanguine about the prospect of a legislative accord.
Although state Controller John Chiang this week invoked a new law to halt lawmakers’ pay until there’s a budget in place, the renewed commotion in the Capitol has produced little progress.
A critical sticking point is that Brown wants to extend sales and vehicle taxes — which Republicans oppose — until an election can be held. He needs the support of at least four GOP lawmakers for both moves. If he fails, the governor said, he will help gather signatures to place taxes on the ballot next year.
“It will take the use of the initiative, in all probability,” he said, to restore California’s financial health.
With talks slipping and time running out, Republicans held an unusual news conference outside the doors of the governor’s Capitol office to blame Brown and his labor supporters for the lack of progress.
“The public unions and the governor have become the problem in this, not the Republicans,” said Sen. Bob Huff (R-Diamond Bar).
When it comes to drawing a new congressional district, the phrase “close enough for government work” does not apply.
And, for the moment at least, that’s a problem for residents of the master-planned community of Wood Ranch in Simi Valley.
Under case law stemming from the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark “one man-one vote” decision in 1962, congressional districts in each state must be drawn to make the population of each almost exactly equal.
Under that formula, as the Citizens Redistricting Commission goes about drawing 53 new congressional districts this year in California, each one must have 702,905 people. A variance of one person is allowed.
So where does Wood Ranch come in?
In the draft map for a new congressional district that includes most of Ventura County, the commission moved Moorpark and Simi Valley to a separate district to the east. That arrangement would avoid splitting any city in the county almost.
It turns out the commission needed to take 2,000 people from the combined Moorpark-Simi Valley population of 158,658 to make the numbers work out. To accomplish that, the commission drew a line down the middle of Wood Ranch Parkway.
Simi Valley city officials and residents of Wood Ranch appealed to the commission to find its 2,000 people somewhere else.
“The proposed boundaries fracture neighborhoods in Wood Ranch and place neighbors living on opposite sides of the street in different congressional districts,” wrote Mayor Bob Huber in a letter to the commission. “These divisions appear inconsistent and incompatible with the commission’s goal of respecting neighborhood boundaries to the extent possible.”
Testifying before the panel at a hearing this week in Oxnard, Richard Olson, representing a Wood Ranch homeowners’ association, asked that the planned community be reunited.
“There are 2,000 residents who have separated from everything,” he said.
Gov. Jerry Brown hinted Thursday that if the budget talks with Republicans break down, the initiative fight that would follow would not be limited to Brown’s plans to raise sales, vehicle and income taxes. He said he expects labor groups to pursue changes to Proposition 13, tweaking the current caps on commercial property taxes, if no bipartisan deal can be reached.
“I would expect there will be efforts to accelerate the reassessment of commercial property tax,” Brown said.
During his remarks to about 250 apartment owners and developers at the Moscone Center on Thursday, he acknowledged some of his failures in budget talks, particularly over his proposal to eliminate redevelopment agencies. “I wouldn’t be ready to write the obituary of redevelopment agencies,” he said. “They’re very powerful and they’re still alive and well despite my best efforts.”
Enjoy your morning!
California Republicans favor presidential candidate Mitt Romney by a comfortable margin over other Republicans, a Field Poll released today shows.
When stacked up against 11 other announced or potential Republican candidates, Romney is the first choice of an eye-catching 25 percent of GOP voters in the state. If former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani is excluded, Romney’s share jumps to 30 percent.
“He’s got a commanding lead in the early going,” pollster Mark DiCamillo said. “Romney has the formula of both being well-known and being positively perceived.”
Though the former Massachusetts governor announced his formal candidacy only June 2, Romney has long been beating the bushes for support. He spent $107 million seeking the 2008 Republican nomination, including $8.4 million that he raised from California donors.
The Los Angeles region was the third-leading source of campaign donations for Romney’s 2008 campaign, behind the Boston and Salt Lake City areas, figures compiled by the Center for
Responsive Politics show.
“He’s just a well-known figure,” DiCamillo noted. “He has tremendous name (identification), and that converts to preferences.”
Romney is viewed favorably by 56 percent of California Republicans and unfavorably by only 25 percent.
Perhaps this polling is why Mayor Rudy Giuliani continues to flirt with getting into the race.
But, if Rudy does not, Mitt Romney looks like a winner in California although Michele Bachmann who is a late entrant and is not known near as much – 42% have no impression of her candidacy may play here; as may Texas Governor Rick Perry, if he decides to run.
A Saturday collection of links and comments about my home, California.
- HIGH HOPES (THE QUEST FOR TWO-THIRDS): Democrats are quite likely to have two-thirds in the Senate and, by winning 3 of 5 swing seats, could have two-thirds in the Assembly. The 2012 presidential may not be the best shot, but it could happen over the decade.
- NATIONAL GOP’S GOT THE CALIFORNIA BLUES: The California congressional delegation will be much bluer, with as many as 8 of the GOP’s 19 seats falling moving to the Dem column. It’s difficult to see how Dems take back the House next year, but it becomes more possible over the decade, depending on redistricting efforts in other states.
- WILL MALDEF SUE? The Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund is not happy. They were hoping to see a few more Latino-leaning seats, and hate to see young rising Latino stars (i.e. Luis Alejo and Nora Campos) thrown into the same district. This might be an easy thing for the Commish to fix, even though they aren’t allowed to cave to such pressure…
- Bay Area – Not too messy, except for the aforementioned Alejo/Campos grouping.
- Sacramento – Roger Dickinson, Richard Pan, Mariko Yamada are all in the same Assembly seat. The Bee suggests Yamada can move to run for a vacant seat, although it’s a tough one (Brown 48, Whitman 44) for one of the Assembly’s most liberal members (and a good friend of mine).
- Sacramento – Lois Wolk is hoping for the Wolk/Steinberg seat to be an odd-numbered district, or she’ll have choose to sit out two years to run. By then, there would likely be more folks interested in, and in the position, to also run for the seat.
- Sacramento/San Ramon – Depending on whether Pete Stark decides to retire, Jerry McNerney either can choose either the Bay Area (likely with other candidates), or a new safe San Joaquin seat. Look for the latter.
- Central Coast – The Lois Capps vs. Abel Maldonado battle…now THIS is why independent redistricting is fun. (47% Brown, 46% Whitman/56% Obama, 41% McCain)
- Central Valley – Dennis Cardoza, Jim Costa and Jeff Denham all in the same district. However, each probably won’t have to move in order to find a neighboring district they can win from, although perennial presence on the target lists will be likely.
- Los Angeles – Elton Gallegly and Buck McKeon. I’d bet on the man with the guns.
- Los Angeles – Howard Berman did much better when his brother was drawing the lines. Now he’s seated with Brad Sherman, who has $3m in the bank, and there aren’t any free seats floating around. Add to it, Berman and Sherman can’t stand each other.
- Los Angeles – Who wants to handle the sticky mess in the seat that pairs up John Perez and Holly Mitchell? Are there any seats on the Unemployment Insurance Appeals Board?
- Los Angeles – Things are a mess on the east side. Lucille Royball-Allard and Xavier Bacerra are now in the same seat, and Royball-Allard likely won’t challenge Bacerra. President Obama, got any appointments for Maxine Waters or Grace Napolitano?
- Inland Empire/Orange County – David Drier and Gary Miller are likely going to move to K Street. Drier is now in a Dem seat, and Roger Hernandez has already announced his candidacy.
- San Diego – Juan Vargas has already announced for a run for Congress for the open Imperial Valley seat.
The California Citizen’s Commission has released first drafts of maps for the 2011 statewide redistricting process. These maps have been build through more than 30 public hearings, public testimony from thousands of individuals, and presentations of statewide plans from leading civil rights and civic organizations.
In the coming weeks these plans will be debated. While the public process will not include partisanship, where incumbents live or what candidates could be running where, we believe this is an important piece of information for the media, public, and elected officials.
Throughout the California redistricting process, statewide plans will
be put forth by the Citizens Redistricting Commission as well as a
number of interest groups from across the state. As these plans are made
available, we will publish them here and provide a district-by-district
analysis based upon US Census Data as well as voter registration.
Analysis is available for the following plans:
- *NEW* Citizens Redistricting Commission Draft Assembly Plan
- *NEW* Citizens Redistricting Commission Draft Senate Plan
- *NEW* Citizens Redistricting Commission Draft Congressional Plan
- *NEW* Citizens Redistricting Commission Draft Board of Equalization Plan
- California Institute Statewide Assembly Plan
- California Institute Statewide Senate Plan
- California Institute Statewide Congressional Plan
- CAPAFR Statewide Assembly Plan
- MALDEF Statewide Assembly Plan
- MALDEF Statewide Senate Plan
- MALDEF Statewide Congressional Plan
California’s new voting districts could put Democrats within reach of as many as five more seats in Congress and enough in the state Legislature for the two-thirds majority needed to raise taxes, according to Democratic and Republican analysts.
Draft maps of the new political boundaries, drawn for the first time by an independent panel rather than party bosses, were released Friday and are expected to usher in the most dramatic shakeup of California’s state and federal offices in decades. Eventually, some powerful incumbents could lose their jobs.
“You’re looking at three to five Republican members of Congress that just kind of vanish,” said Matt Rexroad, a Republican political consultant in Sacramento who advises clients on redistricting. The prospect of Democrats securing two-thirds of both state legislative houses is “very much in play,” he said. No single party has held a supermajority in both the Assembly and Senate in many decades.
The maps are a work in progress, subject to change until the California Citizens Redistricting Commission’s Aug. 15 deadline to complete its task. It is charged with keeping together neighborhoods, ethnic groups, socioeconomic groups and other “communities of interest” without regard to their party registration or any risk to current officeholders.
Latino groups sharply criticized the proposed new districts, arguing that they would give one of California’s fastest-growing ethnic populations even less political power than it has now. Arturo Vargas, executive director of the National Assn. of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials and a veteran of reapportionment battles, called the new maps the “worst-case scenario for Latinos in California.”
Proposed redistricting maps released Friday would dramatically alter the face of the South Bay’s political landscape, eliminating two of the region’s congressional districts and once again linking the Palos Verdes Peninsula to its coastal neighbors.
The congressional district held by Republican Rep. Dana Rohrabacher would be completely contained in Orange County, forfeiting the Palos Verdes Peninsula to the neighboring district once represented by Rep. Jane Harman.
The new lines drawn by the California Citizens Redistricting Commission, based on 2010 census figures, also call for excising Carson from the district represented by Democratic Rep. Laura Richardson. That city would move into the area represented by Rep. Maxine Waters, who would forfeit Westchester and Playa del Rey under the new political boundaries.(…)
(…)Under the commission’s proposal, the Palos Verdes Peninsula would be moved into a congressional district that stretches from San Pedro to Santa Monica.
If approved, the area would encompass the homes of Republican Craig Huey and his Democratic challenger, Los Angeles City Councilwoman Janice Hahn, who are running for the congressional seat vacated when Harman stepped down earlier this year.
Huey does not live within the district’s current boundaries. Neither candidate could be reached for comment about the proposed maps.
“That’s a huge coastal seat that still appears to lean Democratic,” said Allan Hoffenblum, a former GOP consultant and publisher of the California Target Book, a nonpartisan guide to state politics.
“If Janice Hahn wins, it could be a good seat for her to keep,” Hoffenblum said. “It might not be a totally safe Democratic seat, but I think it could be tough for a Republican to win in a district like that.”
Enjoy your Saturday!
*****Update*****The California Citizens Redistricting Commission has released a two minute video featuring all 14 members of the Commission talking about the redistricting process for Legislative and Congressional districts and asking the public for help.
With four 14-0 votes, the California Citizens Redistricting Commission has released its first round of draft maps for Congressional, State Assembly, State Senate and Board of Equalization districts.
The Commission is now soliciting public comment on the draft districts. Testimony can be submitted online to email@example.com, by mail to the Citizens Redistricting Commission, 901 P Street, Suite 154-A, Sacramento, CA 95814 or by FAX at 916-651-5711. The Commission will be holding 11 public input hearings in June on the draft maps. The hearing schedule and the draft maps can be found at the Commission’s website at www.wedrawthelines.ca.gov.
Now, remember folks these are draft maps and the pundits will be going crazy with the political permutations.
And, California Republicans don’t be too disappointed because California continues to be a deep blue state demographically. While redistricting will improve some chances of winning a few seats, particularly in the California Legislature, the fact is the GOP will probably lose 3-5 GOP Congressional seats to the Democrats. The Democrats will continue to dominate the Republicans in the state legislature, just as they have for a couple of decades now.
So, have at the maps and write, e-mail or fax your thoughts and concerns to the Citizen’s Commission.
I will post more analysis about individual maps and districts as they become available.
A morning collection of links and comments about my home, California.
Today the California Citizen’s Redistricting Commission will release draft maps on California’s 53 Congressional Districts, 80 Assembly Districts, 4 Board of State Board of Equalization Districts and 40 State Senate Districts.
The Commission will meet at 9 AM PDT and once approved the draft maps will be posted here.
The 14-member independent California Citizens Redistricting Commission will meet at McGeorge School of Law in Classroom C for a Business Meeting from 9:00 a.m until close of business on June 10, 2011. The Commission was created by California voters to draw state Congressional, Assembly, Senate and Board of Equalization Districts.
You can watch the Live Broadcast of the meeting here.
With 700,000 members, the SEIU is California’s largest labor union and on Thursday it announced they would be doing something a bit un-SEIUish: The were starting a political action committee to help moderate Republicans reach office.
Waaaa?!? You mean the same union that spent $85 million nationally to put President Obama in the White House and were the foot soldiers for Guv Jerry Brown’s winning California campaign?
Yup. SEIU California has 87,000 Republican members (216,000 Dems and 80,000 decline-to-state and others) and at Thursday’s rollout of the PAC, a few of the Republican ones said they felt the party of Reagan had deserted them. Now, it is held captive by social conservatives and anti-tax types who had no interest in the art of compromising. And that — along with extremists from the left — were the source of the state’s political gridlock.
Where is the love for good ol’ middle-of-the-road Republicans, several asked. The hope was that — with the SEIU’s help– that more moderate Republicans would be elected to serve in Sacramento.
Former CA GOP chair Ron Nehring raises a point about the REAL motive behind the SEIU’s Republican outreach:
“Notably absent from this PAC’s plans are to increase the total NUMBER of Republicans in the caucus. Rather, they are interested only in changing the COMPOSITION of the caucus by electing pro-tax Republicans in Republican districts where there is no chance of electing a Democrat.”
Ron tells us: “The SEIU effort is unquestionably about replacing anti-tax Republicans with pro-tax Republicans. Obviously the Republican Party has no interest in that.”
Darrell Steinberg, the president pro tem of the state Senate, says that today’s debate on a state budget package “is no game.”
“This is not a drill,” Steinberg continued, using the pejorative term that Capitol insiders use to describe a bit of meaningless political theater. “This is the beginning of the budget debate.”
It’s not exactly the beginning, since the debate has really been under way for many years as the budget has drifted in and out of solvency, mostly the latter. But it could be the beginning of the end of this particular segment of this particular year’s version.
Drill or not, Democrats will put on a big show to present their budget, including an extension of billions of dollars in temporary taxes that otherwise would expire.
They’ll recite tales of woe from police, fire and education officials and warnings that thousands of felons will be released from prison under federal court order.
Supposedly it’s all aimed at shaming at least a few Republicans into voting for the tax extensions that would remain in effect until voters decide, as much as a year from now, whether they would be extended even further.
Of the more than 2.1 million jobless Californians, one out of three has been unemployed for a year or more, according to the latest figures from the state Employment Development Department.
And as joblessness drags on, unemployment checks run out. About 1.1 million people in the state currently receive jobless benefits, which averaged $291 a week in April. But as of this week, more than 439,000 Californians had exhausted all their benefits – up to 99 weeks.
How many of these “99ers” have gone on to find work is unknown. But for many in the state, where April’s 11.9 percent jobless rate was the second highest in the nation, unemployment lingers.
Enjoy your morning!
Howard Jarvis, chief sponsor of California Proposition 13, signals victory as he casts his own vote at the Fairfax-Melrose
precinct, June 1978. Courtesy of the Los Angeles TimesCalifornia Proposition 13 will be toast only if you desire a colossal collapse of the California real estate market and state government.
The analysis of California demographics and history is so flawed that I hesitate to mention that the Professor pronouncing them is from my alma mater, USC.
The facts is that California Democrats have dominated the California Legislature for decades and would have spent California blind and bankrupt without Proposition 13, which limited taxes on real property. This is what was happening in California during the 1970’s prior to its passage.
The California Legislature, County and City governments just could not say no to government spending. It was far easier to raise property taxes a few more per cent every year or to instruct County Assessors to inflate the assessed value of homes and/or apartment buildings, than to disappoint a voting constituency. Property taxes rose California County by County until some folks were priced out of their homes i.e. had to sell them since they no longer had the cash to pay the growing property tax debt (liens are placed on California homes when property taxes are delinquent).
So, what would happen if Proposition 13 was disgarded or modified (not an easy task since it is engrained in the California Constitution.)?
The tenuous and foreclosure ridden California real estate market would collapse. As property taxes increased, in some cases precipitously, sales would commence or residents would walk away from their homes. With a burdening tax environment, even more businesses would relocate out of California since they would be unable to attract employees who could afford to live in California.
And, for what?
California’s tax scheme is already one of the highest in the country.
California’s State and Local Tax Burden Above National Average
California’s 2009 state and local tax burden of 11.8% of income is above the national average of 9.8%. California’s tax burden has decreased overall from 11.8% (5th nationally) in 1977 to 10.6% (6th nationally) in 2009. Californians pay $4,910 per capita in state and local taxes.
California’s 2011 Business Tax Climate Ranks 49th
California ranks 49th in the Tax Foundation’s State Business Tax Climate Index. The Index compares the states in five areas of taxation that impact business: corporate taxes; individual income taxes; sales taxes; unemployment insurance taxes; and taxes on property, including residential and commercial property. The ranks of neighboring states are as follows: Washington (11th), Oregon (14th), Arizona (34th), Nevada (4th) and Hawaii (22nd).
California’s Top Individual Income Tax Rate Is Third-Highest in the Nation
With seven brackets and a top rate of 10.3 percent for those earning over $1,000,000. California’s individual income tax has the third-highest rate and one of the most highly progressive structures in the nation. In 2009, California’s state-level individual income tax collections were $1,206 per person, which ranked 6th highest nationally. Since most small businesses are S Corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships, they pay their business taxes at the rates for individuals. That makes California’s taxes on small businesses some of the most burdensome in the nation.
California’s Corporate Income Tax Rate is the Highest in the West
Corporations looking to relocate, or even establish, a business in the West may shy away from California, as the state’s 8.84% flat rate is the highest corporate tax rate in the West. Nationally, only 8 states have a higher top corporate tax rate than California. In 2009, state-level corporate tax collections (excluding local taxes) in California were $259 per capita, which ranked 5th highest nationally.
California’s Sales Tax Rate Is Highest in the Nation
California levies an 8.25% general sales or use tax on consumers, which is the highest in the nation and above than the national median of 5.85%. Local governments are also permitted to levy another 1.5%. In 2007 combined state and local general and selective sales tax collections were $1,502 per person, which ranks 15th highest nationally. California’s statewide gasoline tax stands at 46.6 cents per gallon and is the 2nd highest in the nation, while its cigarette tax stands at $0.87 per pack of twenty (31rst highest nationally). Additionally, California’s general sales tax and various municipal sales taxes are levied on the sale of gasoline. The sales tax was adopted in 1933, the gasoline tax in 1923 and the cigarette tax in 1959.
Property Tax Collections Slightly Below Average
Despite Proposition 13, California ranks in the middle of the pack when the states are ranked on combined state/local property tax collections. Proposition 13 favors people who have owned the same property many years by only permitting re-evaluations at resale. As in most states, local governments in California collect far more in property taxes than the state does. California’s localities collected $968.01 per capita in property taxes in fiscal year 2006, the latest year for which the Census Bureau has published state-by-state data. At the state level, California collected $62.59 per capita during FY 2006. That brought its combined state/local property taxes to $1,030.60 per capita, ranked 28th highest nationally.
The problem with funding Big Government in California is not with tax receipts or Proposition 13. It is with the Democrats in the California Legislature who have not met a program they won’t fund, an entitlement they won’t increase or a tax they won’t raise.
Proposition 13 is going nowhere.